Ward Six by
On a spring evening towards the end of March, when there was no
snow left on the ground and the starlings were singing in the
hospital garden, the doctor went out to see his friend the
postmaster as far as the gate. At that very moment the Jew
Moiseika, returning with his booty, came into the yard. He had
no cap on, and his bare feet were thrust into goloshes; in his
hand he had a little bag of coppers.
"Give me a kopeck!" he said to the doctor, smiling, and
shivering with cold. Andrey Yefimitch, who could never refuse
anyone anything, gave him a ten-kopeck piece.
"How bad that is!" he thought, looking at the Jew's bare feet
with their thin red ankles. "Why, it's wet."
And stirred by a feeling akin both to pity and disgust, he went
into the lodge behind the Jew, looking now at his bald head, now
at his ankles. As the doctor went in, Nikita jumped up from his
heap of litter and stood at attention.
"Good-day, Nikita," Andrey Yefimitch said mildly. "That Jew
should be provided with boots or something, he will catch cold."
"Certainly, your honour. I'll inform the superintendent."
"Please do; ask him in my name. Tell him that I asked."
The door into the ward was open. Ivan Dmitritch, lying propped
on his elbow on the bed, listened in alarm to the unfamiliar
voice, and suddenly recognized the doctor. He trembled all over
with anger, jumped up, and with a red and wrathful face, with
his eyes starting out of his head, ran out into the middle of
"The doctor has come!" he shouted, and broke into a laugh. "At
last! Gentlemen, I congratulate you. The doctor is honouring us
with a visit! Cursed reptile!" he shrieked, and stamped in a
frenzy such as had never been seen in the ward before. "Kill the
reptile! No, killing's too good. Drown him in the midden-pit!"
Andrey Yefimitch, hearing this, looked into the ward from the
entry and asked gently: "What for?"
"What for?" shouted Ivan Dmitritch, going up to him with a
menacing air and convulsively wrapping himself in his
dressing-gown. "What for? Thief!" he said with a look of
repulsion, moving his lips as though he would spit at him.
"Calm yourself," said Andrey Yefimitch, smiling guiltily. "I
assure you I have never stolen anything; and as to the rest,
most likely you greatly exaggerate. I see you are angry with me.
Calm yourself, I beg, if you can, and tell me coolly what are
you angry for?"
"What are you keeping me here for?"
"Because you are ill."
"Yes, I am ill. But you know dozens, hundreds of madmen are
walking about in freedom because your ignorance is incapable of
distinguishing them from the sane. Why am I and these poor
wretches to be shut up here like scapegoats for all the rest?
You, your assistant, the superintendent, and all your hospital
rabble, are immeasurably inferior to every one of us morally;
why then are we shut up and you not? Where's the logic of it?"
"Morality and logic don't come in, it all depends on chance. If
anyone is shut up he has to stay, and if anyone is not shut up
he can walk about, that's all. There is neither morality nor
logic in my being a doctor and your being a mental patient,
there is nothing but idle chance."
"That twaddle I don't understand. . ." Ivan Dmitritch brought
out in a hollow voice, and he sat down on his bed.
Moiseika, whom Nikita did not venture to search in the presence
of the doctor, laid out on his bed pieces of bread, bits of
paper, and little bones, and, still shivering with cold, began
rapidly in a singsong voice saying something in Yiddish. He most
likely imagined that he had opened a shop.
"Let me out," said Ivan Dmitritch, and his voice quivered.
"But why, why?"
"Because it is not in my power. Think, what use will it be to
you if I do let you out? Go. The townspeople or the police will
detain you or bring you back."
"Yes, yes, that's true," said Ivan Dmitritch, and he rubbed his
forehead. "It's awful! But what am I to do, what?"
Andrey Yefimitch liked Ivan Dmitritch's voice and his
intelligent young face with its grimaces. He longed to be kind
to the young man and soothe him; he sat down on the bed beside
him, thought, and said:
"You ask me what to do. The very best thing in your position
would be to run away. But, unhappily, that is useless. You would
be taken up. When society protects itself from the criminal,
mentally deranged, or otherwise inconvenient people, it is
invincible. There is only one thing left for you: to resign
yourself to the thought that your presence here is inevitable."
"It is no use to anyone."
"So long as prisons and madhouses exist someone must be shut up
in them. If not you, I. If not I, some third person. Wait till
in the distant future prisons and madhouses no longer exist, and
there will be neither bars on the windows nor hospital gowns. Of
course, that time will come sooner or later."
Ivan Dmitritch smiled ironically.
"You are jesting," he said, screwing up his eyes. "Such
gentlemen as you and your assistant Nikita have nothing to do
with the future, but you may be sure, sir, better days will
come! I may express myself cheaply, you may laugh, but the dawn
of a new life is at hand; truth and justice will triumph, and --
our turn will come! I shall not live to see it, I shall perish,
but some people's great-grandsons will see it. I greet them with
all my heart and rejoice, rejoice with them! Onward! God be your
With shining eyes Ivan Dmitritch got up, and stretching his
hands towards the window, went on with emotion in his voice:
"From behind these bars I bless you! Hurrah for truth and
justice! I rejoice!"
"I see no particular reason to rejoice," said Andrey Yefimitch,
who thought Ivan Dmitritch's movement theatrical, though he was
delighted by it. "Prisons and madhouses there will not be, and
truth, as you have just expressed it, will triumph; but the
reality of things, you know, will not change, the laws of nature
will still remain the same. People will suffer pain, grow old,
and die just as they do now. However magnificent a dawn lighted
up your life, you would yet in the end be nailed up in a coffin
and thrown into a hole."
"Oh, come, now!"
"You don't believe in it, but I do. Somebody in Dostoevsky or
Voltaire said that if there had not been a God men would have
invented him. And I firmly believe that if there is no
immortality the great intellect of man will sooner or later
"Well said," observed Andrey Yefimitch, smiling with pleasure;
its a good thing you have faith. With such a belief one may live
happily even shut up within walls. You have studied somewhere, I
"Yes, I have been at the university, but did not complete my
"You are a reflecting and a thoughtful man. In any surroundings
you can find tranquillity in yourself. Free and deep thinking
which strives for the comprehension of life, and complete
contempt for the foolish bustle of the world -- those are two
blessings beyond any that man has ever known. And you can
possess them even though you lived behind threefold bars.
Diogenes lived in a tub, yet he was happier than all the kings
of the earth."
"Your Diogenes was a blockhead," said Ivan Dmitritch morosely.
"Why do you talk to me about Diogenes and some foolish
comprehension of life?" he cried, growing suddenly angry and
leaping up. "I love life; I love it passionately. I have the
mania of persecution, a continual agonizing terror; but I have
moments when I am overwhelmed by the thirst for life, and then I
am afraid of going mad. I want dreadfully to live, dreadfully!"
He walked up and down the ward in agitation, and said, dropping
"When I dream I am haunted by phantoms. People come to me, I
hear voices and music, and I fancy I am walking through woods or
by the seashore, and I long so passionately for movement, for
interests. . . . Come, tell me, what news is there?" asked Ivan
Dmitritch; "what's happening?"
"Do you wish to know about the town or in general?"
"Well, tell me first about the town, and then in general."
"Well, in the town it is appallingly dull. . . . There's no one
to say a word to, no one to listen to. There are no new people.
A young doctor called Hobotov has come here recently."
"He had come in my time. Well, he is a low cad, isn't he?"
"Yes, he is a man of no culture. It's strange, you know. . . .
Judging by every sign, there is no intellectual stagnation in
our capital cities; there is a movement -- so there must be real
people there too; but for some reason they always send us such
men as I would rather not see. It's an unlucky town!"
"Yes, it is an unlucky town," sighed Ivan Dmitritch, and he
laughed. "And how are things in general? What are they writing
in the papers and reviews?"
It was by now dark in the ward. The doctor got up, and,
standing, began to describe what was being written abroad and in
Russia, and the tendency of thought that could be noticed now.
Ivan Dmitritch listened attentively and put questions, but
suddenly, as though recalling something terrible, clutched at
his head and lay down on the bed with his back to the doctor.
"What's the matter?" asked Andrey Yefimitch.
"You will not hear another word from me," said Ivan Dmitritch
rudely. "Leave me alone."
"I tell you, leave me alone. Why the devil do you persist?"
Andrey Yefimitch shrugged his shoulders, heaved a sigh, and went
out. As he crossed the entry he said: "You might clear up here,
Nikita . . . there's an awfully stuffy smell."
"Certainly, your honour."
"What an agreeable young man!" thought Andrey Yefimitch, going
back to his flat. "In all the years I have been living here I do
believe he is the first I have met with whom one can talk. He is
capable of reasoning and is interested in just the right
While he was reading, and afterwards, while he was going to bed,
he kept thinking about Ivan Dmitritch, and when he woke next
morning he remembered that he had the day before made the
acquaintance of an intelligent and interesting man, and
determined to visit him again as soon as possible.